Preparation technology of titanium carbide-based cermet
A recent poll in Britain found that public support for sanctions against Russia is falling as fuel and prices rise.
The proportion of people willing to accept higher fuel prices as a result of western sanctions against Russia fell 14 percentage points to 36% from 50% in March, according to a survey conducted for the Telegraph by consultancy Redfield & Wilton Strategies.
Global energy and fuel prices have soared since the start of the year and remain high because of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine and uncertainty over Russian supplies.
The survey also found that 54% of people believe their own financial situation has worsened in the past year, up 12 percentage points from 42% two months ago. Sixty-two percent think things will get worse in the year ahead. Less than a third of respondents said they had received a pay rise to keep up with inflation, with two-thirds of those saying it was not enough to keep up with rising living costs.
The figures suggest that public concern about the conflict with Ukraine is now likely to be overtaken by financial worries.
Separately, the UK's consumer price index rose 7 percent this month from a year earlier, the highest since March 1992, according to figures released recently by the Office for National Statistics. In addition, a separate report released a few days ago by the Centre for Economics and Business Research said that real household disposable income in the UK will fall by 3% in 2022, equivalent to a loss of £2,320 per household, which would lead to the biggest drop in living standards since the 1950s. That is mainly because wages aren't keeping up with rising energy and fuel costs.
The prices of other commodities like the Titanium Carbide are also expected to be influenced.
Overview of titanium carbide TiC powder
Titanium carbide TiC powder is a crystalline solid with gray metallic luster, hard quality, second only to diamond in hardness, and weaker in magnetic properties. The molecular weight is 59.89, the melting point is 3140 °C, the boiling point is 4820 °C, and the relative density is 4.93. Hardness 9-10. Insoluble in water, soluble in nitric acid and aqua regia. It is stable to air below 800°C, corroded by air above 2000°C, and can react with pure oxygen at 1150°C. For the manufacture of cemented carbide, also used as electrodes and abrasives for arc lamps.
Preparation of Titanium Carbide-Based Cermet
1. Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
The method is a technology for depositing a solid thin film coating on the surface of a substrate by utilizing a space gas-phase chemical reaction. Since the entire reaction of this method is based on thermodynamics, the CVD film has the advantages of good adhesion and coating properties, dense film layer, and high bonding strength of the film base, which can meet the requirements of monolayers such as TiC, TiCN, TiBN, etc., which are not limited to TiN. and multi-layer composite coatings.
The disadvantage of this method is that the processing temperature is relatively high (generally 900~1200℃). High temperatures cause the steel matrix to soften. After machining, vacuum quenching is required again. The process is more complicated, and the workpiece is easily deformed, resulting in high bending strength of the base material. In addition, harmful waste gas and waste liquid will be produced during the preparation process, which is easy to cause industrial pollution, which contradicts the green industry advocated by the country today, and also limits the comprehensive promotion and use of this law.
2. Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD)
The method uses physical processes such as thermal evaporation, sputtering, glow discharge and arc discharge to deposit the desired coating on the surface of the substrate. Including evaporation coating, sputtering coating and ion coating technology. The latter two are the more commonly used PVD technologies for preparing ceramic coatings.
PVD films usually have residual compressive stress and are prone to cracking and peeling due to brittleness. In addition, it is a linear process with poor adhesion and coating properties. The workpiece needs to be rotated or oscillated during processing, which increases the difficulty and difficulty of designing the vacuum chamber. Problems such as poor coating effect.
3. Liquid deposition
This method is a wet chemical film formation method. The basic principle is that through the ligand replacement between ions in the solution, the hydrolysis equilibrium movement of the metal compound is driven, and the metal oxide or hydroxide is deposited on the substrate to form a thin film coating. Since the method can be used for thin film deposition at low temperature/room temperature, there is no need for heat treatment or expensive processing equipment during the preparation process, and the operation is simple.
The disadvantage of this method is that because it is essentially a reaction in an aqueous solution, the concentration of the solution before and after the reaction is inconsistent during the deposition process, there are many factors affecting the liquid-phase reaction, and the industrial stability is not high.
4. Thermal spray
This method refers to heating a wire or powder material to a molten or semi-molten state by a heat source such as flame, arc or plasma, accelerating the formation of high-speed droplets, and then spraying it onto the substrate to form a coating on it. Enhances or regenerates the surface properties of materials for protection and recovery of part size reductions caused by wear, corrosion or machining tolerances. The methods include plasma spray, arc spray and flame spray techniques.
5. In situ synthesis
In situ synthesis is the creation of a second phase in a material or a reinforcing phase in a composite during material formation, i.e. it does not exist prior to material preparation, but is generated in situ during material preparation. Material preparation process; in-situ synthesis of dual-phase reinforced particles, no pollution at the interface, and uniform distribution of the second phase, which can avoid the problems encountered in traditional powder metallurgy and smelting processes. With the development of in situ composite technology, its application has been extended to metal-based and ceramic-based materials.
6. Other synthesis methods
In addition to the above preparation processes, there are in-situ synthesis, melting and casting, powder metallurgy, mechanical alloying, thermal spraying, self-propagating high temperature synthesis, high-density energy beam coating, sol-gel method, liquid Synthesis of dielectric discharges such as EDM surface strengthening. In actual industrial production and application, the choice of the preparation method of the carbide-based metal-ceramic composite material can be determined according to its own conditions and needs.
Application of titanium carbide TiC powder
1. Titanium carbide powder is used for high temperature thermal spraying materials, welding materials, hard coating materials, military aviation materials, carbides and cermets.
2. Titanium carbide powder is used as an additive in the production of thermistors to improve wear resistance.
3. Titanium carbide powder has a NaCl-type cubic crystal structure. Adding 6% to 30% of TiC to WC-Co cemented carbide forms a TiC-WC solid solution with WC, which can significantly improve red heat, wear resistance, oxidation resistance, Corrosion resistance and other properties, more suitable for processing steel than WC-Co cemented carbide. Alloys such as Ni-Mo can also be used as binders to form tungsten-free cemented carbides, which can improve the turning speed and the precision and finish of the workpiece.
4. Used as tool material and additive for metal bismuth, zinc, cadmium smelting crucible, preparation of semiconductor wear-resistant film, HDD large-capacity storage equipment, is an important part of cemented carbide, used as deoxidizer in steelmaking industry, also Used as cermet, it has the characteristics of high hardness, corrosion resistance and good thermal stability.
Titanium carbide TiC powder price
The price of titanium carbide TiC powder will change randomly with the production cost, transportation cost, international situation and market supply and demand of titanium carbide TiC powder. Tanki New Materials Co.,Ltd aims to help various industries and chemical wholesalers find high-quality, low-cost nanomaterials and chemicals by providing a full range of customized services. If you are looking for titanium carbide TiC powder, please feel free to send an inquiry to get the latest price of titanium carbide TiC powder.
Titanium carbide TiC powder suppliers
As a global supplier of titanium carbide TiC powders, Tanki New Materials Ltd. has extensive experience in advanced, engineered material properties, applications and cost-effective manufacturing. The company has successfully developed a series of powder materials (including boron carbide, aluminum carbide, boron carbide, etc.), high-purity target materials, functional ceramics and structural devices, and provides OEM services.
|Technical Parameter of Titanium Carbide TiC Powder :|
|Titanium Carbide Properties|
|Other Names||titanium(IV) carbide, TiC powder|
|Melting Point||3160 °C|
|Boiling Point||4820 °C|
|Solubility in H2O||N/A|
|Titanium Carbide Health & Safety Information|
Southern Copper Corp (SCCO.N) recently said its Peruvian mine remained closed after a six-week standoff with protesters and blamed the Peruvian government for failing to intervene in the safety of its 1,300 workers and their families.
The company said in a statement that a recent agreement to end protests at the Cuajone mine required the company to withdraw complaints against protest leaders because railways transporting minerals and supplies remained blocked. Production has been suspended since the end of February.
Peru's Energy Ministry said in a separate statement that it had also reached an agreement with Southern Copper to start talks to find common ground with local communities.
"If we shut down for a year, the government will stop receiving more than 3.1 billion soles ($830 million) in taxes and royalties, and 8,000 direct and indirect jobs will be lost. This is what we want to avoid, "Southern Copper added in the statement.
Peru has faced a wave of protests from indigenous communities, who accuse mining companies of not providing enough jobs and funding to poor local residents.
Central bank officials said last week that protests against copper mines such as MMG's Las Bambas and Southern Copper's Cuajone were dragging down the economy.
Peru is the world's second-largest copper producer and mining is an important source of tax revenue for the country. It is estimated that the supply and prices of the Titanium Carbide will be influenced by that.