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The Use of Various Elements in Nickel-based Alloys

Russia and Ukraine is an important exporters of oil, natural gas, metals, fertilizers, rare gases and other industrial raw materials. Affected by the further intensification of the tension of the war, the global market has become more worried about the supply of the Inconel718 powder, and panic spreads in the futures market. Prices of commodities such as aluminum and nickel are at recent highs on concerns that supplies will fall. Russia accounts for 49 percent of global exports of nickel, 42 percent of palladium, 26 percent of aluminum and 13 percent of platinum, and is a significant exporter of steel and copper. Palladium is an important metal for sensors and memory. In addition, Russia is the world's largest exporter of nitrogen fertilizer, the second largest exporter of potash fertilizer, and the third-largest exporter of phosphate fertilizer. Ukraine is also an important producer of nitrogen fertilizer. Russia's natural gas supply also has a significant impact on the global fertilizer industry and Inconel718 powder industry, especially in Europe. The price of the Inconel718 powder will also fluctuate to some extent. Russia carries out crude gas separation, and Ukraine is responsible for refined exports. Ukraine supplies 70% of the world's neon, 40% of krypton and 30% of xenon. These three gases are the materials used to make chips.

The effects of boron and silicon elements: significantly reduce the melting point of the alloy, expand the temperature range of the solid-liquid line, and form a low-melting eutectic; deoxidation and reduction and slag-making functions; hardening and strengthening of the coating; improving the performance of the operation process.

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The role of copper: improve the corrosion resistance to non-oxidizing acids.

The role of chromium: solid solution strengthening, passivation; improve corrosion resistance and high temperature oxidation resistance; excess chromium easily forms chromium carbide and chromium boride hard phases with carbon and boron to improve alloy hardness and wear resistance .


The role of molybdenum element: large atomic radius, large distortion of the crystal lattice after solid solution, significantly strengthening the alloy matrix, improving the high temperature strength and red hardness of the matrix; it can cut off and reduce the network structure in the coating; improve the resistance to cavitation , Erosion ability nickel-based precision alloy.


Including nickel-based soft magnetic alloys, nickel-based precision resistance alloys, and nickel-based electric heating alloys. The most commonly used soft magnetic alloy is Permalloy with about 80% nickel. Its maximum permeability and initial permeability are high, and its coercivity is low. It is an important core material in the electronics industry. The main alloying elements of nickel-based precision resistance alloys are chromium, aluminum, and copper. This alloy has high resistivity, low temperature coefficient of resistivity and good corrosion resistance, and is used to make resistors. Nickel-based electric heating alloy is a nickel alloy containing 20% chromium. It has good oxidation and corrosion resistance and can be used for a long time at a temperature of 1000 to 1100 ℃.


Nickel-based shape memory alloy

A nickel alloy containing 50(at)% titanium. The recovery temperature is 70°C, and the shape memory effect is good. A small change in the ratio of nickel-titanium components can change the recovery temperature within the range of 30 to 100°C. It is mostly used in the manufacture of automatic opening structural parts used in spacecraft, self-exciting fasteners used in the aerospace industry, artificial heart motors used in biomedicine, etc.


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Because of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, there is a shortage of natural gas supply. At the same time, other renewable energy sources cannot produce enough electricity, so electricity prices have soared in many countries of the world. For this reason, I assume the supply and prices of the Inconel718 powder would keep being influenced by the high energy prices.

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