Influences of Concrete Water Reducer on Different Kinds of Cement (1)
The biggest immediate challenge for the EU will be replenishing its depleted gas inventories. While the EU could still increase LNG imports from countries such as the US, such purchases would be more expensive.
Refilling natural gas storage space to historical average levels this year could cost 70 billion euros, a sevenfold increase, compared to 10 billion euros in previous years. "
A complete replacement for Russian gas is not only very expensive, but it also may not be possible.
In the next 12 months, there is little way to meet the demand for a "normal" year in the absence of Gazprom, which also includes concrete water reducer.
The water-reducing agent or concrete water reducer is a kind of concrete admixture that can reduce the water consumption under the condition of keeping the slump of concrete basically unchanged. It has a dispersive effect on cement particles, can improve its workability, reduce water consumption per unit, improve the fluidity of concrete mixture, or reduce the amount of cement per unit, saving cement.
Because different cement has different mineralized compositions, in addition to the variety of mixed materials, the effect of admixtures for different types of cement is very different.
In this article, we will talk about the problems when water reducer meets different kinds of cement and solutions.
1. High-alkali Cement
Soluble alkali in cement is usually expressed as Na2O equivalent, which mainly comes from the clay and mixture of cement production. An appropriate amount of soluble alkali is conducive to promoting cement hydration and is more conducive to the early strength development of concrete. The results show that the fluidity of cement concrete increases with the increase of alkali content. However, when a certain amount of cement is reached, the cement will hydrate rapidly and the fluidity of cement slurry decreases greatly. Plasticizing effect decreased obviously after adding water reducing agent. When the water reducing agent is used in the construction of concrete and pumped concrete, the loss rate of slump increases.
It is generally believed that alkali in cement promotes the dissolution of tricalcium aluminate (C3A). At this time, cement forms certain AFt crystals quickly with the help of coagulant CaSO4, which wraps on the surface of C3A, inhibits the direct hydration of C3A to form calcium aluminate, and improves the fluidity of cement slurry. However, if the alkali content in cement is too high, due to the formation of a large number of AFt crystals at the beginning, the fluidity will decrease, and the adaptability of water reducing agent to the above cement will inevitably decrease, for example, the water reduction rate is not enough, the plasticizing effect is poor, and the slump loss rate is high.
For high alkali cement, the effect of the water reducing agent with low sulfate content is poor, while the use effect of higher sulfate content of water reducing agent (sodium sulfate content of more than 20%) will be significantly improved. Primarily, low water reducing agent CaSO4 is contained in the synthesis and production, it has good properties of water-soluble. Gypsum in cement before it a large number of soluble in water, dissolved when higher alkali to speed up the C3A dissolution, because the water has a large number of SO3, reaction with C3A, form the AFt, to prevent the liquidity caused by the formation of calcium aluminate. And the slump loss is reduced. It is not difficult to see, that the water reducing agent with high content of sodium sulfate can adapt to high alkali cement more.
The PH value of many polycarboxylate water reducing agents is low, such as with citric acid and other acid retarder combined with high alkali cement is difficult to adapt. It is mainly because when acid admixture is mixed with cement of high alkali, it can produce acid alkali quickly neutralize exothermic reaction, temperature rises sharply, which not only make cement hydrate rapidly, heat of a large number of hydrate is put more can produce vicious circle, the concrete that place makes up not only fluidity is poor, slump falls to spend very likely disappear inside a very short time. Using other kinds of alkaline retarders can avoid these problems.
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China's non-manufacturing purchasing managers index for March was released by the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing and the Service Industry Survey Center of the National Bureau of Statistics today. An index of business activity for the non-manufacturing sector as a whole fell below 50 percent.
China's non-manufacturing business activity index was 48.4%, down 3.2 percentage points from the previous month. The new orders index was 45.7 percent, down 1.9 percentage points from the previous month, indicating a significant slowdown in the growth of supply and demand in the non-manufacturing sector from the previous month. In terms of sectors, the business activity index and new order index of transportation, accommodation and catering, culture, sports and entertainment, and tourism-related industries all declined significantly from the previous month.
Then the concrete water reducer of the market may be affected by significant changes, the price will also be volatile, if you want to know the latest news of the concrete water reducer, welcome to contact us.